Empowering Change: India's Electric Vehicle (EV) Revolution

December 2023

Empowering Change: India's Electric Vehicle (EV) Revolution

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As the world increasingly shifts towards sustainable transportation, India finds itself at the forefront of the electric vehicle (EV) revolution. With its massive market size for EVs and a dominant position in the overall automobile sector, India is ideally positioned to become a global leader and center for EV investment. According to a report from the India Energy Storage Alliance (IESA), the electric vehicle (EV) market in India is projected to experience a compound annual growth rate of 49% from 2021 to 2030. By 2030, it is anticipated that the annual sales volume of EVs in India could surpass 17 million units. This notable expansion in the EV segment can be attributed to several factors such as rising fuel prices, the entry of new manufacturers, advancements in EV-related technologies, subsidies provided by both central and state governments, and the expected implementation of emission standards.

During the 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) summit conducted in Glasgow in 2021, the Indian government made a pledge to ensure that 30% of all new vehicle sales in India by 2030 would be electric. This commitment aligns with India's broader objective of decreasing carbon intensity per unit of gross domestic product (GDP) by 45% by the year 2030. By prioritizing the strategic goal of promoting the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs), India aims to contribute significantly to its sustainability targets.

By the year 2030, the electric vehicle (EV) industry has the potential to generate approximately 10 million direct employment opportunities. This would, in turn, result in the creation of around 50 million indirect jobs across various sectors associated with the EV industry. In addition to domestic manufacturers, international companies are also showing keen interest in the Indian EV market. The appeal of India as a market for electric vehicles stems from its vast population, growing incomes, and mounting environmental awareness. The potential of India's EV market not only captures the attention of global players but also generates significant interest within the investment community.

Dive deep into the dynamic world of sustainable transportation transformation in India with our exclusive report on India Electric Vehicle Market [BA1]  - By Usage Type [Passenger Vehicle, Commercial Vehicle], By Vehicle Type [Two-Wheeler, Three-Wheeler, Passenger Car, Buses, Others], By Region, Opportunities and Forecast, FY2016-FY2030F

Rising Demand and Investment Potential

India, with a population of nearly 1.4 billion and continuing growth, is projected to witness the addition of 300 million more cars on its roads by 2040. This anticipated surge in the number of vehicles makes it the largest increase in the global automobile market, and as a consequence, there is an estimated rise in daily oil consumption by four million barrels. In the fiscal year 2022, India surpassed Japan and claimed the position of the third-largest global automobile market.

Numerous traditional automotive players and oil companies have made substantial investments to stimulate electric vehicle (EV) demand in India. For example, Skoda announced its plans to manufacture EVs locally in India in 2021. Indian Oil Corporation also expressed its intentions to establish 22,000 EV charging stations over the next three to five years, contributing to the wider adoption of EVs.

In 2021, investments in EV startups reached a record high, surging by approximately 255% to reach USD 444 million. Notable EV companies that received investments in 2021 include Ola Electric (USD 253 million), Blusmart (USD 25 million), Simple Energy (USD 21 million), Revolt (USD 20 million), and Detel (USD 20 million). The Indian EV ecosystem comprises around 500 startups covering the entire EV value chain, with 63% of these startups focused exclusively on manufacturing.

India's efforts have already begun to yield positive results. The highway connecting Delhi and Chandigarh became the first in the country to be transformed into an e-vehicle-friendly route by Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), which installed 20 solar-based EV chargers. Speaking of EV charging infrastructure, the total number of charging stations experienced a year-over-year increase of approximately 285% in the fiscal year 2022. As of July 1, 2022, retail outlets of Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) had set up 3,448 charging stations for electric vehicles. Government initiatives will further accelerate the expansion of charging stations, with the aim of reaching 400,000 stations by the fiscal year 2026.

Report Attribute


Base Year of the Analysis


Historical Period


Forecast Period


Market Size in 2022

USD 1,348.04 Billion

Projected Growth Rate

CAGR of 2.81% between 2023-2030

Revenue forecast in 2030

USD 1,682.62 Billion


Revenue in USD and Volume in Units

Segments Covered

By Type

By Nature

By Product

By Distribution Channel

By Application/End-User

By Region

Regions Covered

North America, Europe, Latin America, Asia-Pacific and Middle East & Africa.

Key Companies Profiled

Tyson Foods, Inc., Marfrig Global Foods S.A., JBS S.A., Cargill, Incorporated, Allanasons Private Limited, Smithfield Food, Inc, NH Foods Ltd., Hormel Foods Corporation, American Foods Group, LLC, Koch Foods, Inc.

Customization Scope

15% free report customization with purchase.

Pricing and Purchase Options

Avail the customized purchase options to fulfil your precise research needs.

Delivery Format

PDF and Excel through Email (We can also provide the editable version of the report in PPT/PDF format on special request)

Government Initiatives and Policies 

India's entry into the electric vehicle market has been delayed, accounting for a mere 0.1% of the overall vehicle population. Nevertheless, in recent times, the Indian government has undertaken a range of policies and initiatives aimed at accelerating the acceptance of electric vehicles, such as:

FAME Scheme - The FAME India Scheme, which stands for Faster Adoption & Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles, was introduced in 2015 to promote the early adoption and growth of hybrid and electric vehicles in India. Following that, FAME-II was introduced, allocating a budget of USD 1.3 billion (Rs. 10,000 crores) to facilitate the deployment of 1 million e-two-wheelers, half a million e-three-wheelers, 7,000 e-buses, and 55,000 e-passenger vehicles. The government has extended the scheme until 2024, as announced in the Union Budget of 2022-23.

Battery Swapping Policy - Recognizing the need for a widespread charging infrastructure to facilitate EV adoption, NITI Aayog released a draft battery-swapping policy on April 22, 2022. This policy will remain in effect until March 31, 2025. The implementation will occur in two phases: the first phase will span 1-2 years from the policy's launch and cover all metropolitan cities with a population exceeding four million. The second phase will take place over 2-3 years from the policy's launch and encompass all Union Territories (UTs) and major cities with a population exceeding 500,000.

Production Linked Incentives (PLIs) for Automobiles and Auto Components - To boost India's battery infrastructure, the government introduced the Production Linked Incentive for Advanced Chemistry Cell Battery Storage (PLI-ACC) scheme. The scheme, with a total outlay of USD 2.45 billion (Rs. 18,100 crore) as per the Union Budget, aims to provide incentives to beneficiaries over a span of five years, contingent upon the establishment of manufacturing facilities.

Navigating the Roadblocks: Challenges and Opportunities

Currently, India has far fewer charging stations compared to China, which discourages potential EV buyers. The high price of EVs, driven by the cost of technology, is another deterrent. However, subsidies and government priorities favoring electric mobility are expected to address these pricing concerns in the two-wheeler segment and potentially expand to other vehicle types. The limited range of EV options and the need for increased investment to enhance competitiveness and product variety are additional obstacles. Additionally, the nascent stage of the industry in India presents opportunities for R&D to improve EV cost-effectiveness. Furthermore, the reliance on imported batteries and components contributes to higher EV costs. Lastly, the projected increase in electricity demand for EV charging requires a corresponding increase in power generation capacity to ensure efficient and widespread charging infrastructure. By 2030, the rise in electricity demand due to widespread EV adoption could reach approximately 100 TWh or around 4% of the total power generation capacity. To accommodate this significant surge in demand, it becomes imperative to enhance and diversify power generation methods.

Driving Towards Sustainable Future

The adoption of EVs in India has gained significant traction as a viable and eco-friendly alternative to conventional Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicles, which contribute to harmful emissions. This transition has witnessed rapid growth, particularly in the electric two-wheeler (E2W) segment.

Based on data from the SMEV (Society of Manufacturers of Electric Vehicles), the sales of EVs in India have surpassed 1 million in 2023, with electric two-wheelers (E2W) capturing a remarkable 62% market share. The EV industry has emerged as a pivotal sector that successfully combines economic growth with environmental preservation. Consequently, the development and advancement of the EV industry in India hold great significance for fostering a sustainable future.

India's sustainable development plan encompasses the nation's commitment to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) while addressing the needs of its large population. Electric vehicles (EVs) play a crucial role in this plan, promoting economic and sustainable growth. By replacing fossil fuels with electricity, EVs contribute to green growth, reducing air and noise pollution while conserving resources. Based on research conducted by the European Energy Agency, the utilization of an electric vehicle (EV) results in a reduction of carbon emissions by approximately 17% to 30% compared to conventional petrol or diesel vehicles. The widespread adoption of EVs in India will pave the way for a sustainable future, prioritizing both environmental and socioeconomic advancement.

Through our industry-leading report, get a comprehensive view of the India Electric Two-Wheeler Market , By Vehicle Type [Electric Motorcycle, Electric Scooter], By Type of Battery [Lithium Ion, Lead Acid], By Battery Technology [Removable, Non-Removable], By Distribution Channel [Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs), Dealers and Distributors], By Region, Opportunities, and Forecast, FY2017-FY2031F

Concluding Thoughts

Despite being a bit delayed, India has exhibited remarkable enthusiasm in the EV sector. The continuous improvements in battery safety and range of EVs are dispelling previous uncertainties that had hindered the growth of EVs in the country. Notably, initiatives like the e-AMRIT portal, which serves as a comprehensive resource for EV-related information such as charging locations, investment opportunities, policies, and subsidies, are actively contributing to the growth of the industry by engaging various stakeholders.

India has a prime opportunity to emerge as a global leader and hub for electric vehicle (EV) investment due to its large market size for EVs and its dominant position in the broader automobile industry. India has implemented favorable policies aimed at promoting domestic production of EVs and their components, leading to cost reduction and greater adoption of EVs. Meeting the growing demand for EVs in India would necessitate significant investment in the development of charging infrastructure, including battery-swapping networks. Investing in research and development and localizing battery manufacturing is crucial, given that batteries constitute the most expensive component of an EV. The Indian government has introduced incentives like PLI programs and reduced customs taxes to enhance the country's capacity for local battery production. Encouraging the production of other EV parts is also a priority to promote localization and ultimately decrease the initial cost of EVs. With continued efforts from the government, collaboration between industry stakeholders, and support from investors, India is well on its way to a greener and more sustainable transportation future powered by electric vehicles.

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